Here’s the formula for relating turbines to trees:
A 2-megawatt turbine X 35% load factor outputs 700 kw X 8,760 hrs per year = 6,132,000 kWh per year X 650 g/kWh average intensity = 4,394 tons of CO2 / 2 tons CO2 absorbed per acre of trees = 2,196 equivalent acres of forest per 2-megawatt turbine
A single 2-megawatt turbine has the CO2 reducing effect of 2,196 acres of forest while generating $367,920 (@ $0.06 wholesale per kWh) of electricity per year.
One megawatt of turbine = roughly 1,000 equivalent forest acres.
A higher turbine “load factor” (percent of maximum possible output actually generated) increases the forest equivalent. The newest turbines have higher load factors.
50 turbines in a wind farm (50 X 2,196) have the CO2 reducing effect of 109,840 acres of forest
Summit Lake wind farm’s 50 turbines utilize a footprint of only 560 acres (2%) of the 28,000 acres of wind farm forest. 98% of the forest remains forested.
219,700 turbine tons of CO2 + 54,880 unmodified forest tons of CO2 ((28,000 original acres – 560 turbine acres) X 2 tons CO2 per acre) = 274,580 tons of CO2 kept out of the air per year.
The wind farm increases the CO2 reduction of the original 28,000 acre Summit Lake forest from 56,000 tons of CO2 absorbed per year without the wind farm to the equivalent of 274,580 tons of CO2 absorbed per year with the wind farm.
Looks like we should REALLY encourage the Summit Wind Farm!
$ value of turbine power:
6,132,000 kWh X $0.06 wholesale (AKA “offset” price) price per kWh =
$367,920 annual wholesale value of electricity per turbine.
$367,920 X 50 turbines = $18,396,000 annual wholesale value of wind farm power.
6,132,000 kWh X $0.14 retail price per kWh = $858,480 annual retail value of electricity per turbine.
$858,480 X 50 turbines = $42,924,000 annual retail value of wind farm power.
Here are just a few of the sources I used for Wind Energy – Hot Air in the Spring 2019 issue of Health & Happiness U.P. Magazine.